In 2018, Cyprus had the fourth largest population increase in the EU 28 per 1000 residents according to figures issued by Eurostat on Wednesday, just before World Population Day (July 11).
Cyprus also had the second lowest crude death rate in the EU, with births outnumbering births by 4.1 per thousand of the population.
Eurostat’s figures show that Cyprus’ population stood at 864,200 on January 1 2018, rising to 875,900 on January 1, 2019 — an increase of 13.4 per 1000 residents and accounting for just 0.2% of the total EU population.
There were 9300 live births and 5800 deaths in Cyprus in 2018, resulting in a natural change of +3600.
The crude rate (the crude rate is calculated as the ratio of the number of events to the average population in a given year. For easier presentation, it is multiplied by 1000; the result is therefore expressed per 1000 residents) was 10.7 for live births and 6.6 for deaths, leading to a natural change of +4.1.
On January 1, 2019, the population of the European Union (EU) was estimated at almost 513.5 million, compared with 512.4 million the same day the previous year.
During 2018, more deaths than births were recorded in the EU (5.3 million deaths and 5.0 million births), meaning that the natural change of the EU population was negative for a second consecutive year.
The population change (positive, with 1.1 million more inhabitants) was therefore due to net migration.
With 83.0 million residents (or 16.2% of the total EU population at January 1, 2019), Germany is the most populated EU Member State, ahead of France (67.0 million, or 13.1%), the United Kingdom (66.6 million, or 13.0%), Italy (60.4 million, or 11.8%), Spain (46.9 million, or 9.1%) and Poland (38.0 million, or 7.4%).